The war against the avars, or huns, followed , and, except the saxon war, was the greatest that he waged he took it up with more spirit than any of his other wars, and made far greater preparations for it. Charlemagne made important reforms in the catholic liturgy he brought anglo-saxon traditions of humanism into europe, and was the foremost scholar of the carolingian renaissance he encouraged the use of “carolingian minuscule. The mayor enemies of charlemagne carried a core “wit” in their name such as (1) the last visigothic king wittiza (693-702/703) of a united hispania, (2) the saxon duke widukind and (3) the slav leader witzin. Charlemagne was strongly devoted and dedicated to christianity people in western europe might have been still pagans they were killed right away the saxons in the midst of the gory and horrific dark ages ninety percent of old roman manuscripts were preserved by charlemagne. The thesis to this essay is the discussion of how charlemagne and the carolingian expanded through the kingdom was wild with different pagan tribes and kingdoms they were at war with everyone and especially the christians charles accomplished his objective the peoples he conquered include: the aquitanians, the lombards, the saxons.
Charlemagne vs the saxons among charlemagne’s conquests were the saxons this group, who had settled in europe and on the british isles, spoke the teutonic language at the root of modern english their frankish conquerors spoke a tongue derived from late latin the saxons on the european continent were still mostly pagans. Charlemagne is best known for his war campaigns, most famous of which are those against the saxons and the avars apart from that, this article will also tell of the structure of the frankish kingdom, as well as charlemagne's government in general. Einhard tells of a people who are ‘ferociousare given to devil worshipand think to it no dishonour to violate and transgress the laws of god and man’ (einhard, the life of charlemagne) by using these techniques, charlemagne and consequently einhard justified a war with the saxon.
The essay will focus chiefly on einhard’s depiction of the saxon wars and the conflict with tassilo of bavaria however, einhard’s depiction will also be examined in relation. The saxon wars, also called the saxon war or saxon uprising (not to be confused with the saxon rebellion of 1073-75), were the campaigns and insurrections of the more than thirty years from 772, when charlemagne first entered saxony with the intent to conquer, to 804, when the last rebellion of disaffected tribesmen was crushed. Einhard's the life of charlemagne isn't too long to begin with, being a little under 30 pages, and among this there is an entire page devoted to discussing previous kings, a page and a half devoted to the history of the saxon war, and things of this nature. Ged war against many including the bretons, bavaria, the slavs, esthonians, danes and an especially long thirty-year war against the saxons he was a respected and feared by many of the rulers of other lands. After negotiating with some saxon nobles and obtaining hostages, charlemagne turned his attention to his war against the lombards in northern italy but saxon free peasants, led by widukind, continued to resist and raided frankish lands in the rhine region.
Accordingly, war was begun against the saxons and was waged furiously for thirty-three consecutive years [772-804 ad] on the whole to the disadvantage of the saxons much earlier surely it would have terminated but for the perfidy of the saxons. Age of charlemagne is an epic expansion for total war: attila, set in the middle ages on an sprawling new campaign map of europe there have been kings and kingdoms before, but this is a time where truly great men united entire nations, built lasting legacies and defined what it meant to be a king. More essay examples on king rubric charlemagne’s goal was to conquer the heathens and convert them through years of war, many battles, and thousands of lost lives, charles accomplished his objective.
In 799, charlemagne chased all the old saxon clans away and gave their lands to his own men more than 10 000 free people were exiled and made into serfs even the defeated saxon noblemen were made into serfs, and in this and many other ways the entire saxon population was thoroughly humiliated. The massacre of verden was an event during the saxon wars where the frankish king charlemagne ordered the death of 4,500 saxons in october 782 charlemagne claimed suzerainty over saxony and in 772 destroyed the irminsul , an important object in saxon paganism , during his intermittent thirty-year campaign to christianize the saxons. Open document below is a free excerpt of ‘charlemagne, the saxons, and the imperial coronation of 800’, english historical review, 111 (1996) review from anti essays, your source for free research papers, essays, and term paper examples.
[in the following essay, first published in french in 1951, ganshof describes some of the types of written documents that charlemagne caused to be used—including agendas, minutes, instructions. While all of this can be useful, most of this material is later than charlemagne, and, in the case of anglo-saxon england, bears upon a different country the only specifically military work which we have is a late-4th-century roman tract, de re militari , by vegetius. Charlemagne also made it a military goal to convert the saxons to christianity what began in 771 and ended in 804, came to be known as the saxon wars charlemagne imposed his ruling in saxony and due to this there were many revolts. Charlemagne, the saxons, and the imperial coronation of 800 mayr-harting, henry // english historical reviewnov96, vol 111 issue 444, p1113 argues that charlemagne needed the imperial coronation of 800 because emperorship was the only conceptual framework within which he could validate and make acceptable his rule of the saxon aristocracy.